Ronalds Vilciņš


Getting Started with TypeScript

As I embark on my journey with TypeScript (TS), I find it’s an exciting extension of JavaScript that allows me to write more robust code. For someone new to programming, TypeScript introduces a level of discipline through its type system, which can be immensely helpful in preventing common errors.

Here’s why I think TypeScript is a great choice for new programmers:

Starting with TypeScript might seem daunting at first, but the benefits of type safety and the supportive community make it a worthwhile endeavor. The transition from writing plain JavaScript to TypeScript is smooth, and it’s reassuring to know that the code I write is more predictable and easier to maintain.

TypeScript for JS Programmers

As someone who’s already familiar with JavaScript, I find TypeScript to be a natural next step in enhancing my coding practices. It’s like having a safety net that catches errors before they happen, thanks to its static typing system. Here’s why I think TypeScript is a game-changer for JS developers:

Learning TypeScript has been a rewarding experience for me. It hasn’t made my software bug-free, but it has significantly reduced the number of type-related bugs. And with IntelliSense, coding feels more intuitive than ever. If you’re a JavaScript programmer looking to level up, TypeScript is definitely worth exploring.

TS for Java/C# Programmers

Coming from a Java or C# background, I found TypeScript to be a breath of fresh air that combines the best of both worlds: the flexibility of JavaScript with the strong typing of Java or C#. The transition to TypeScript was smoother than I expected, thanks to familiar object-oriented concepts and type annotations.

Here are a few key points that stood out to me:

Overall, TypeScript serves as a gentle bridge for Java and C# developers looking to enter the world of JavaScript development, providing a familiar syntax and powerful tools to enhance productivity.

TS for Functional Programmers

As someone who appreciates the power of functional programming, I find TypeScript to be a delightful extension to JavaScript that aligns well with functional concepts. TypeScript’s type system supports advanced types like generics, union, intersection, and tuple types, which can be incredibly useful when trying to express complex functional transformations in a type-safe way.

Here are a few reasons why TypeScript feels like a natural fit for functional programmers:

Embracing TypeScript as a functional programmer not only enhances your code with type safety but also complements the functional style with a robust type system that can help prevent runtime errors and facilitate easier refactoring.

TypeScript Tooling in 5 Minutes

Setting up a TypeScript project has become a breeze with modern tooling. In just a few minutes, you can go from zero to a fully configured development environment. Here’s how to do it:

  1. Choose a package manager: Start by selecting your preferred package manager, such as npm or Yarn.

  2. Initialize your project: Run npm init or yarn init to create a package.json file that will manage your project’s dependencies.

  3. Install TypeScript: Execute npm install typescript --save-dev or the equivalent Yarn command to add TypeScript to your project.

  4. Create a tsconfig.json: This configuration file is crucial as it tells the TypeScript compiler how to transpile your code. You can generate a default one by running tsc --init.

  5. Start coding: With your tsconfig.json in place, you can begin writing TypeScript code. Use .ts or .tsx (for React) file extensions.

Once you’ve set up your project, you can explore other tools like linters, formatters, and bundlers to enhance your development workflow. Tools like ESLint, Prettier, and Webpack or Parcel can be integrated to maintain code quality and manage assets. Remember, the TypeScript ecosystem is rich and flexible, allowing you to tailor your tooling to your project’s needs.

The TypeScript Handbook

Diving into the TypeScript Handbook was a game-changer for me. It’s a comprehensive guide that covers everything from the basics to advanced type manipulation. I found the structured approach particularly helpful, starting with the foundational concepts before moving on to more complex topics.

Here’s how I tackled the handbook:

  1. I began with ‘The Basics’ to understand the syntax and main features.

  2. ‘Everyday Types’ introduced me to the common types used in TypeScript, which was crucial for writing type-safe code.

  3. ‘Narrowing’ taught me how to write more precise type checks.

  4. ‘More on Functions’ and ‘Object Types’ deepened my understanding of functions and objects in TypeScript.

  5. Finally, ‘Type Manipulation’ sections like ‘Generics’ and ‘Mapped Types’ opened up a new world of possibilities in how I could use types to ensure code quality.

I recommend setting aside some time each day to go through a section. It’s not just about reading; try out the examples in the TypeScript Playground to solidify your understanding. And remember, the handbook is not just for reading once; it’s a valuable resource to come back to whenever you need a refresher.

Everyday Types

In TypeScript, the foundation of writing maintainable code lies in understanding the everyday types that form the building blocks of the language. These types help us define the shape and behavior of the data we work with. Let’s explore some of the core types that you’ll encounter on a daily basis:

Understanding these types is crucial as they are used to construct more complex types and interfaces. As you become more familiar with TypeScript, you’ll start to see how these everyday types interact with each other to provide a robust typing system that enhances code quality and developer productivity.


After exploring the basics of TypeScript, we come across a powerful feature known as ’narrowing’. Narrowing is the process by which TypeScript refines variable types through code flow analysis. This allows us to work with variables more confidently, knowing their type more precisely at any given point in our code.

Narrowing becomes particularly useful when dealing with union types or any situation where a variable could be one of several types. By narrowing, we can avoid common errors that occur when we make assumptions about the type of a variable. It’s a testament to TypeScript’s ability to adapt to the complexities of our code and provide a safer environment for development.

More on Functions

After exploring the basics of functions in TypeScript, it’s time to delve deeper into their capabilities. TypeScript allows for more sophisticated function handling, including overloads, generics, and higher-order functions.

For instance, when dealing with asynchronous operations, TypeScript’s type system shines by allowing us to type both the function and the promise it returns. This ensures that we can maintain type safety even in complex asynchronous code patterns. Embracing these advanced features will significantly enhance your TypeScript code’s reliability and maintainability.

Object Types

In TypeScript, defining the shape of an object is a fundamental concept that allows for more predictable code. Object types can be defined using interfaces or type aliases, each with its own advantages. Interfaces are great for declaring shapes for objects and are often used to define contracts within your code. Type aliases, on the other hand, can be used for more complex type manipulations.

Here are some key aspects of TypeScript object types:

When working with object types, it’s also important to consider the strictness of your type checking. The strictNullChecks option in TypeScript can significantly affect the behavior of your types. With it turned on, null and undefined are handled more strictly, leading to safer code. Without it, these types are more permissive, which can lead to unexpected runtime errors.

Lastly, TypeScript’s utility types, such as Partial, Readonly, and Record, provide powerful ways to transform existing types into new variations, offering flexibility and reusability in your type definitions.

Type Manipulation

After exploring the basics of TypeScript, I’ve come to appreciate the power of type manipulation. It’s a set of techniques that allow us to transform and compose types in ways that ensure our code remains type-safe and maintainable. Here are some key concepts and utility types that I’ve found particularly useful:

Understanding and utilizing these tools has significantly improved the robustness of my applications. It’s like having a superpower where I can mold the type system to fit the exact needs of my code, catching potential bugs before they happen.

Working with External APIs

When I started integrating TypeScript with external APIs, I quickly realized the importance of type definitions for any external data I was working with. TypeScript’s ability to define complex types makes it an ideal choice for ensuring that the data you receive from APIs matches your expectations.

Here’s a quick rundown of steps I follow when working with external APIs in TypeScript:

  1. Define the data types: Before writing any code, I define interfaces or types that describe the JSON objects I expect to receive from the API.

  2. Use a type assertion: When I fetch data from the API, I use a type assertion to tell TypeScript what type of data I’m dealing with.

  3. Error handling: I always implement error handling to deal with any discrepancies between the expected and actual data structures.

TypeScript also plays well with various API development tools like Postman. I can generate and use type definitions from API schemas, which streamlines the development process. Whether I’m working with web APIs, React, or Deno, TypeScript’s type system adds a layer of reliability that’s hard to achieve with JavaScript alone.

Enhancing JavaScript with TypeScript

As I’ve delved deeper into the world of web development, I’ve come to appreciate the robustness that TypeScript brings to JavaScript projects. Initially, JavaScript was designed for simple tasks, but the complexity of modern web applications demands more sophisticated tools. TypeScript fills this gap beautifully, offering features that enhance JavaScript’s capabilities without altering its core essence.

One of the most significant advantages of TypeScript is its support for classes and objects, which makes object-oriented programming more intuitive and the code easier to maintain. By adding type annotations, TypeScript helps in catching type-related errors early in the development process, which can save hours of debugging later on.

Moreover, TypeScript is a superset of JavaScript, meaning all valid JavaScript code is also valid TypeScript code. This compatibility allows for a seamless integration into existing JavaScript projects. It’s not about making the software bug-free, but rather about preventing a multitude of potential issues before they arise. And with TypeScript, I can even use future JavaScript features without worrying about browser support, as TypeScript can transpile the code to be compatible with various JavaScript environments.

In summary, TypeScript acts as a powerful ally in the quest to write more reliable and maintainable JavaScript code. It’s like having an extra set of eyes on your code, ensuring that you adhere to best practices and avoid common pitfalls. Here’s why I find TypeScript indispensable:

Embracing TypeScript has been a game-changer for me, and I’m confident it can be for you too.